Diabetes is associated with two main categories of complication: short term and long term.
Depending on the time they do settle in diabetics, you can always hope for delayed onset or delayed aggravation.
Check below if your blood sugar levels are too high to get complications:
Short term complications are those appearing very quickly due to very or extremely low blood sugar levels.
If the treatment for diabetes and other measures are taken earlier, you can prevent the complications onset by optimizing you blood sugar level.
In type 1 diabetics, the level of insulin is very low, and blood sugar levels very high; there is high risk for a condition called “Ketoacidosis”.
Ketones are those substances that your body produce from fat cells when it cannot use blood sugar properly during diabetes. Ketones serves as fuel for brain in conditions when they cannot use sugar.
In high amount they can have very bad effect in your body.
If the levels of blood ketones are very high, you may feel very sick; some other times it can lead to coma, and death as the worst scenario. That's why in type 1 diabetics we do recommend to check urine ketones levels. If found in high levels, you should get hospitalized as soon as possible.
Type 2 diabetics are more prone to a condition called HHNS ( Hyperglycaemic Hyperosmotic Non Ketonic Syndrome). Persistent high blood sugar levels might lead to losing too many liquids, especially when blood sugar levels are higher than 300 mg/dl or even higher than 600 mg/dl. These high levels can also lead to the worst situations like coma or even death.
That's why we do advice our patients to keep monitoring the blood sugar levels. In case, they are persistently higher than 300 mg/dl, should seek immediate medication attention.
Long term complications appear in a chronic diabetic due to damages caused to your body by uncontrolled blood sugar levels for many years. However, there is still hope in trying to prevent further and more severe damages to your body.
Generally, blood vessels and nerves are those suffering the most. These blood vessels and nerves serve as nets around all our body. Depending on the body site/organ they damage, there are several sub-categories of long term diabetes complications.
We do encourage our patients, to try to educate yourself on what's going on with your body, in order to take appropriate measures and prevent the onset of these undesirable long term diabetes complications.
The Diabetes Complications Severity Index (DCSI) is a new tool to measure the risk for mortality and hospitalization in diabetics with already onset complications.
The higher the number of diabetes complications, and the more severe they are, the higher the risk for hospitalization and / or death in diabetics. That's why it is extremely important to take appropriate measures in order to keep blood sugar levels within acceptable range.
Following is a list of all long term diabetes complications, their severity, and how you can change the scenario for the best.
When it comes to diabetes, as for any other disease, the very first thing you would do is to spend money for the right diagnosis: visits to your health-care provider, lab tests, visits to specialists, etc.
When it comes to diabetes complications, the cost is extremely higher than for anything else.
Here, in this section will get to know how high the Cost of Diabetes Complications can reach.
Diabetic eye problems are related to damages to the nerves and blood vessels of the eyes.
The symptoms may vary from blurry sight to completely losing sight.
In the diabetes eye disease section you'll get to know the mechanisms of damages to the eyes, treatment, and appropriate care.
The pain in nerves occurs when a diabetic patient has prolonged spells of high blood sugar levels, which can damage the nerves without becoming obviously hyperglycemic.
Although there are many treatments to ease the diabetic nerve pain, however, it will take time to get the desired results. You'll get more info for medications and diet and lifestyle changes for nerve pain caused by diabetes.
Developing kidney disease is one of the worst complications related to diabetes, and one of the top reasons for fatalities in people who suffer from diabetes.
In this section, you'll get to know the signs and symptoms of diabetes kidney disease since its first onset, and what you can do to delay it.
Liver is the first organ suffering from badly controlled diabetes because it plays crucial role in the metabolism of carbohydrates in our body.
In this section, you will learn the three main damages to your liver due to persistent high blood sugar levels.
The include non-alcoholic liver disease, biliary disease and cirrhosis/fibrosis as more severe damages to the diabetic liver.
To understand Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy, you should get to know what the Autonomic Nerve System is, and what role it plays in our body.
This system comprises organs like heart, intestines, urinary tract, sweat glands. Click on Diabetic autonomic neuropathy to see in details the affected organs, and related symptoms.
Dealing with leg pain is one of the most difficult challenges (complications) diabetics are facing.
In the Diabetes Leg Pain and Care section, you will get to know about the causes of leg pain, and how to take appropriate care and preventive measures.
The most important thing is to check your feet regularly, and not to neglect any single unusual change on your feet.
Losing sensitivity, and other skin changes are the most common feet symptoms being noted in diabetics.
In this section, you’ll get a simple guide how to take daily care of your diabetic feet.
There are three different types of diabetic coma: hypoglycemic coma, hyperosmolar coma and ketoacidosis.
The first two types occur much more often, that’s why you should pay greater attention to them.
Here, you will learn about the causes of diabetic coma, how to recognize the symptoms, and appropriate treatment strategy.
Diabetic acidosis is a life threatening condition that occurs mostly in type 1 diabetic patients, it is less commonly to occur in type 2 diabetics.
This requires immediate hospitalization for urgent treatment with fluids and intravenous insulin.
In this section, you'll get to know how to recognize the symptoms of diabetic acidosis.
Cataract is thought to be “age-related”; by passing of time, people start to see as through fogged window. This is because the lenses have lost their transparency, their flexibility and become thicker than normally.
As there exist many risk factors for cataract development, here, in this section, we want to share with you how type 2 diabetes can precipitate cataract built-up, especially in those taking statin treatment.
When you have diabetes, due to persistent high sugar levels for more than 20 years, your feet blood vessels are damaged and more vulnerable to further damage.
Also, your feet nerves are damaged, and this makes your feet not sensitive to any pain.
Here you’ll get to know the diabetic feet symptoms, and some useful tips for appropriate feet care.
Recognizing the symptoms of heart failure if you have not developed until now would help getting the treatment in time.
In case you have already developed heart failure, and the symptoms are getting worse, this means that your situation is aggravating.
Get the full list for diabetic heart failure symptoms.
This is the section sharing the problems related to swollen ankle and bluish color feet.
Here, you’ll get to know the causes of feet pain, swollen ankle and blue color feet in a diabetic patient.
Diabetics are more prone to balanitis, especially those with uncontrollable blood sugar levels make it hard to get healed.
In this section, you’ll learn about the symptoms of diabetes balanitis, and how to take appropriate care at home, and best treatment strategy.
This is the place where you can ask a question about any aspect of diabetes complications.
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Written by Dr.Albana Greca Sejdini, Md, MMedSc
Medically reviewed by Dr.Ruden Cakoni, MD, Endocrinologist