What happens to your feet during diabetes?
When you have diabetes, due to persistent high sugar levels for more than 20 years, your feet blood vessels are damaged and more vulnerable to further damage.
Also, your feet nerves are damaged, and this makes your feet not sensitive to any pain.
That's why, some simple and minor injuries such as cuts, calluses, toenails that tend to in grow, bunions, and even athlete’s foot, corns, can possibly be developed into areas of infected tissue, which are known as neuropathic ulcers.
And if you don't take appropriate care about these ulcers,it is possible that those can develop into gangrene, which is the most dangerous one among all feet symptoms.
What is more, it is not curable. The only cure for that is the amputation of the foot, or even the amputation of entire leg.
That’s why you should take care about your diabetes feet symptoms. You can prevent all these feet problems, with simply optimizing your sugar blood levels, and properly care of your feet.
Below, you can find some tips about diabetic feet care , what you really should do to prevent feet infections, and keep healthy feet:
First of all,the most important step of yours is to maintain optimized blood sugar level, adding more meals to your daily diet according to your physician recommendations.
Then, you must seriously consider smoking cessation, since smoking is one major risk factor leading to blood circulation problems.
Since one of the risk factors for diabetes settling is lack of exercise, you must seriously consider aerobic exercises or 15 minutes of walking as part of your daily life. For sure, you must follow your physician recommendations too.
Apart of the above considerations, you must examine your feet regularly. You may help yourself by using a mirror for better inspection.
You must keep an appropriate hygiene to your feet, washing them every day, using soap and clean water. Be sure that you have cleaned well in the feet folds and in between your toes, where the several fungi’s and bacteria can be thrived.
Watch what you are wearing on your foot. Wear foot-shoes that allow enough space in toe area. Do not wear foot-shoes that hardly fit you, and may cause irritation and several injuries to your feet.
You can try orthopaedic shoes, especially those which are designed for diabetics. These shoes allow your feet breathing properly, and protect your sensitive diabetic feet.
Don’t use shoes made of synthetic materials, and those who have high heals and don’t give your feet stability, security and comfort.
Make sure that change your socks every day, even two times a day especially when your feet sweat a lot. After that, you must wash them with soap and warm water, and then dry those using drying powders.
You must watch what kind of powder you are using. Don’t use corn starches because it may lead to fungi’s flourish. Use cotton socks, or any other materials that can be used as moisture's wick.
Also, apart the above tips, you can use diabetic feet creams that help you keeping healthy, happy feet.
Written by Dr.Albana Greca Sejdini, Md, MMedSc
Medically reviewed by Dr.Ruden Cakoni, MD, Endocrinologist