Cholesterol and diabetes problems are commonly occurred in diabetics. Moreover, together with high blood pressure, they all can lead you to various types of heart diseases and stroke.
Let’s see what happens during diabetes. When you have diabetes, not only your glucose metabolism is damaged due to lack of insulin production, but the lipids and proteins metabolism are also affected.
If you have either type1 or 2diabetes, you may face the same problems with lipids metabolism, but the severity differs between them. In type1, these changes can be more visible and severe.
When you’re diabetic, your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin at all or the insulin produced doesn’t work properly. Insulin is a very important hormone, which helps your body to store food energy after each meal.
Normally, insulin stimulates the triglycerides storage in fatty tissue. But if you are diabetic, and have an unbalanced glucose control, you will face the happen. Instead of storage, it can be a triglycerides mobilization from fatty tissue, which leads to raised blood levels of free fatty acids.
These fatty acids can be only used by the body cells to provide fuel, except brain cells because the brain cells use only ketones (substances produced by free fatty acids oxidation).
At this moment, the situation is aggravated, because your body cells use these substances instead of glucose. This leads to further increase of blood sugar levels, and you are most probably entering a situation called ketoacidosis that you can recognize by the particular fruit smelling.
The further organization of blood lipids may result in high cholesterol levels: the"bad” cholesterol (LDL) , and low levels of "good" cholesterol (HDL).
The "bad” cholesterol is responsible for clogged arteries, which lead to heart stroke and death. While the "good" one helps your body to eliminate the excessive amount of cholesterol from bloodstream.
If you take all the above-mentioned mechanisms into account, you might perfectly understand the importance of cholesterol and diabetes affiliation. Moreover, you should move on and take the appropriate care to avoid all these cholesterol problems.
What you need to do is to keep your cholesterol blood levels as optimal as you can together with blood sugar levels. But you must consider that for you as diabetic, the most optimal blood cholesterol level is not equivalent of that level for a non diabetic.
That means the following:
Try to keep your LDL-cholesterol levels under 100 mg/dl; while triglycerides levels under 150 mg/dl.
Meanwhile the HDL-cholesterol levels could be above 50 mg/dl; instead your total cholesterol must be under 200 mg/dl.
I’m sure that with more affords from your part you can achieve these goals. You may need another help in reducing the effects of cholesterol and diabetes in your body; try to follow a very good cholesterol diabetes diet.
That can help you lowering cholesterol levels and avoiding heart disease, stroke and even death.
You can also make some changes in your daily lifestyle or doing some simple exercises everyday. All these little tips can help you keep fit.
Also they can help your body work better and eliminate the excess bad substances from blood stream. This way you can be always fresh and with less cholesterol and diabetes problems.
Written by Dr.Albana Greca Sejdini, Md, MMedSc
Medically reviewed by Dr.Ruden Cakoni, MD, Endocrinologist
Last reviewed 01/25/2021