Relationship between body mass index (BMI) and diabetes

Published on 2/5/2023


Body Mass Index (BMI) and diabetes are closely related. A high BMI is a major risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes.

BMI is a measure of body fat based on height and weight, and a person with a high BMI is considered overweight or obese.

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Overweight and obesity are associated with insulin resistance, which is a major factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance means that the body is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces, leading to high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood.

Over time, this can cause damage to the cells in the body, including the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.

In addition to insulin resistance, excess body fat can also lead to other health problems that increase the risk of developing diabetes, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.

To reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, it is important for people with a high BMI to lose weight through healthy lifestyle changes, such as eating a balanced diet, increasing physical activity, and quitting smoking.

In conclusion, a high Body Mass Index (BMI) is a major risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes, due to the associated insulin resistance and other health problems.

Losing weight through healthy lifestyle changes can help to reduce the risk of developing diabetes and improve overall health.


Written by                                                                                Edited by

Dr.Albana Greca, MD                                                        Dr.Ruden Cakoni, MD

Published 2/5/2023

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