Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. It occurs when the body is unable to properly utilize or produce insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
It’s very difficult to get the right diabetes mellitus definition. On the other hand, there are some definitions that only doctors can understand something. I’ll try to make it easier for you.
According to doctors’ point of view, you’ll have this kind of definition
Diabetes mellitus is a changeable disorder that affects how your body processes carbohydrates. It is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. In diabetes, there is typically a problem with the secretion or utilization of insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels.
Let’s come to a simple explanation of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a condition where either your pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or your body cells don't effectively use the insulin it produces. This results in high levels of sugar in your blood and urine, which can lead to complications.
Your pancreas is responsible for producing insulin, a hormone that helps your body cells absorb sugar. Sugar is a crucial source of energy for your cells, particularly for your brain.
Insulin is normally produced by the pancreas, and its main function is to facilitate the uptake and utilization of glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into the body's cells to provide energy.
In individuals with diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes), or the body's cells do not respond effectively to the insulin produced (Type 2 diabetes).
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This results in little to no insulin production, requiring individuals to take insulin injections or use an insulin pump to manage their blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is typically associated with insulin resistance, where the body's cells do not effectively respond to insulin.
This causes the pancreas to produce more insulin to compensate, but eventually, it may become unable to meet the body's needs.
Type 2 diabetes is often linked to lifestyle factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and poor dietary choices.
Latent diabetes, also known as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), is a form of diabetes that shares characteristics of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It is sometimes referred to as "type 1.5 diabetes."
In latent diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, similar to type 1 diabetes.
However, the onset of symptoms is typically slower and occurs in adulthood, similar to type 2 diabetes. This slow progression often leads to misdiagnosis or misclassification as type 2 diabetes initially.
People with latent diabetes initially show signs of insulin resistance, but as the disease progresses, the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are gradually destroyed, leading to a decreased ability to produce insulin.
The diagnosis of latent diabetes is based on specific criteria, including adult-onset diabetes, presence of autoantibodies associated with type 1 diabetes, and the need for insulin within a few years of diagnosis.
Treatment for latent diabetes usually involves lifestyle modifications, such as healthy eating and regular physical activity. Initially, oral medications used for type 2 diabetes may be prescribed.
However, as the disease progresses, individuals with latent diabetes typically require insulin therapy to manage their blood sugar levels effectively.
It's important to note that latent diabetes is a distinct form of diabetes, and individuals diagnosed with it should work closely with healthcare professionals to develop an appropriate treatment plan and management strategies.
The onset of diabetes is influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Your risk of developing diabetes can be attributed to your family's medical history or unhealthy lifestyle choices.
In the case of type 1 diabetes, your pancreas fails to produce any insulin.
On the other hand, type 2 diabetes involves a situation where your pancreas does produce insulin, but your body cells either do not effectively utilize it or the insulin itself is abnormal and cannot be secreted and utilized properly.
Understanding the intricacies of diabetes mellitus, including its definition, becomes crucial in preventing the condition or mitigating its potentially severe complications.
Diabetes can lead to various complications if not properly managed, including damage to the blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, and other organs.
Symptoms of diabetes may include increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow wound healing, and recurrent infections.
Treatment for diabetes aims to maintain blood sugar levels within a target range to minimize the risk of complications. It typically involves a combination of healthy eating, regular physical activity, blood sugar monitoring, oral medications, insulin injections, and lifestyle modifications.
Diabetes mellitus definition